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What are the types of cookies?

Cookies can be broadly classified into 2 types

1. Persistent cookies: Remain on the client computer, even after the browser is closed. You can configure how long the cookies remain using the expires property of the Http Cookie object.

2. Non-Persistent cookies: If you don't set the Expires property, then the cookie is called as a Non-Persistent cookie. Non-Persistent cookies only remain in memory until the browser is closed.

There two type of cookies ..
 Persistent cookies: cookies are stored on your computer hard disk. They stay on your hard disk and can be accessed by web servers until they are deleted or have expired. 
public void SetPersistentCookies(string name, string value){
 HttpCookie cookie = new HttpCookie(name);
 cookie.Value = value;
 cookie.Expires = Convert.ToDateTime(“12/12/2008”);
 Response.Cookies.Add(cookie);}

Non-persistent cookies: cookies are saved only while your web browser is running. They can be used by a web server only until you close your browser. They are not saved on your disk.
 public void SetNonPersistentCookies(string name, string value){
 HttpCookie cookie = new HttpCookie(name);
 cookie.Value = value;
 Response.Cookies.Add(cookie);}

What is a NullPointer Exception in asp.net and how to fix it

Null pointer exception means you are trying to access a member field or a function from an object which is null. for example you created a object of a class object name is "ClassAobj" and you want a variable value from class which is assign and initilize in that class now int a = ClassAobj.Number1; if "ClassAobj" is null then you can not access the value of Number1 . for fixing it ,either you have to initilize the class or you have to full if condition if(ClassAobj != null) { int a = ClassAobj.Number1; }

You are trying to use something that is null (or Nothing in VB.NET). This means you either set it to null, or you never set it to anything at all.

Like anything else, null gets passed around. If it is null in method "A", it could be that method "B" passed a null to method "A".

The rest of this article goes into more detail and shows mistakes that many programmers often make which can lead to a NullReferenceException.

What is Cache?

    Cache is the process performed by search engine crawler at a regular interval of time. It used to scan and take a snapshot of each page over world wide web as well as a store as a backup copy. Almost every search engine result page incorporates a cached link for every site. However, clicking on cached link show you the last Google cached version of that specific page rather than of current version. Also, you can directly prefix “cache: http://www.webgranth.com” with the desired URL to view it cached version

Page caching is another method which can help you to improve the load time of your web pages and thus optimize your site for the search engines. Page load time can significantly impact your user experience and your site’s ability into convert visitors into buyers or into leads. In fact, experiments at Google have revealed that just a half second’s difference in load times can cause up to a 20% reduction in web traffic. For this reason, the search engine companies are considering page load time to be an increasingly important factor for determining your site’s rank in the search results. This means you’ll need to take measure in reducing the size of your image files and your pages as a part of your SEO strategy.

What is difference between config() and run() method in AngularJS? which runs first ?

AngularJS   .Config() Method - configuration gets executed during the configuration phase. We can inject providers and constants into configuration block. This block is used to inject module wise configuration settings to prevent accidental instantiation of services before they have been fully configured.

AngularJS  .Run method – Run method is executed after the configuration method. we can inject instances and constants in run method. The run method is a great place to put event handlers that need to be executed at the root level for the application. For example, authentication handlers.

Configuration():  get executed during the provider registrations and configuration phase. Only providers and constants can be injected into configuration blocks. This is to prevent accidental instantiation of services before they have been fully configured.

Run(): get executed after the injector is created and are used to kickstart the application. Only instances and constants can be injected into run blocks. This is to prevent further system configuration during application run time.Run blocks are the closest thing in AngularJS to the main method. It is executed after all of the services have been configured and the injector has been created. Run blocks typically contain code which is hard to unit-test, and for this reason should be declared in isolated modules, so that they can be ignored in the unit-tests.

How do you create a Persistent Cookie?

You create a persistent cookie the same way as session cookies except that you set the Expires property to a Date in the future which will store the Cookie to the client computer hard drive.

//Code to create a UserName Persistent Cookie that lives for 10 days
HttpCookie CookieObject = new HttpCookie("UserName", "David");
CookieObject.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddDays(10);
Response.Cookies.Add(CookieObject);

//Code to read the Cookie created above
Request.Cookies["UserName"].Value;

Cookies have an expiration date implicitly or explicitly set which controls how long they last (subject to the user agent actually enforcing it). A cookie may persist only for the duration of the session (or an even shorter period).

If a cookie is valid, it will be passed along with the HTTP request to the domain that it originated from. Only the domain that set the cookie can read the cookie (though there are ways to exploit this, such as cross-site scripting).

  • If you want a cookie to expire at a specific time, set an expiration date on it using the client or server-side language of your choice.

  • If you want the cookie to expire when the session ends, don't set an expiration date.

Why Constructor name is same as Class name

Constructor is called immediately after an object of a class is created. To reduce the number of keywords in Java, name of the constructor is defined same as the Class name. The Java developers don't want to include new keyword for constructor. They want to keep it simple and precise.
So that it can be unambigously identified as the constructor. and how its get invoked implicitly when we create object of that class. It is invoked by the compiler because it has already been unambiguously identified because of its naming sheme.

Its more of a convenient convention rather than a logical reason. Methods in a class which have the same name as the class name are constructors - the easiest and simplest way to identify a method as a constructor. This is much better than telling the compiler about the constructor methods using config files or using annotations over methods…

Why do we use jQuery?

  • Easy to use and learn.
  • Easily expandable.
  • Cross-browser support (IE 6.0+, FF 1.5+, Safari 2.0+, Opera 9.0+)
  • Easy to use for DOM manipulation and traversal.
  • Large pool of built in methods.
  • AJAX Capabilities.
  • Methods for changing or applying CSS, creating animations.
  • Event detection and handling.
  • Tons of plug-ins for all kind of needs.

These are just a few reasons. But the bottom line is the jQuery is becoming the standard for DOM manipulation, simple effects, and much more.

  • Well maintained - Documentation, examples, it's all there.
  • Browser compatible - You don't worry about it.
  • Easy to learn - Spend more time coding!
  • Large community - The answer is always on Stack Overflow.
  • It's correct - It does a lot of small things correctly so you don't have to.
  • Extendable - Tons of community plugins for value.

Rest API Authentication in Java

In token-based authentication, the client exchanges hard credentials (such as username and password) for a piece of data called token. Instead of sending the hard credentials in every request, the client will send the token to the server to perform authentication and authorization.

 in this RESTful services tutorial, we will see about how to do HTTP basic authentication. There are many ways to implement authentication in RESTful web services. HTTP basic authentication is the first step in learning security.

http://javapapers.com/web-service/restful-services-http-basic-authentication/

What is static polymorphism and dynamic polymorphism?

STATIC POLYMORPHISM:

A method which will bind at compile time will execute in runtime is called as static polymorphism or early binding or compile time polymorphism

DYNAMIC POLYMORPHISM:

A method which will bind at compile time will not execute, instead of that a method which will bind at runtime will execute is called as RUNTIME

POLYMORPHISM (or) DYNAMIC POLYMORPHISM is nothing but LATE BINDING.

Static polymorphism:

The process of binding the overloaded method within object at compile time is known as Static polymorphism due to static polymorphism utilization of resources (main memory space) is poor because for each and every overloaded method a memory space is created at compile time when it binds with an object. In C++ environment the above problem can be solve by using dynamic polymorphism by implementing with virtual and pure virtual function so most of the C++ developer in real worlds follows only dynamic polymorphism.

Dynamic polymorphism:

In dynamic polymorphism method of the program binds with an object at runtime the advantage of dynamic polymorphism is allocating the memory space for the method (either for overloaded method or for override method) at run time.

Polymorphism means one name, multiple forms. It allows us to have more than one function with the same name in a program.It allows us to have overloading of operators so that an operation can exhibit different behaviours in different instances.

debugging error "Could not find prelaunch task 'null' "

Have you installed angularJS via npm? May be this is because of invalid JSON or task name missing in json file

The error occurs because Visual Studio Code cannot find any task in the tasks.json with the taskName value set to 'build'.

The preLaunchTask property of the launch.json file defines the task that should be executed before the script is launched. From the question, Visual Studio Code has been configured to run the task build before launching the script:

preLaunchTask: 'build'

But there's no task named 'build' in the tasks.json file.

To fix this, you should change the value of the preLaunchTask property to 'exe', which is the build task that has been defined in the tasks.json file.